Nginx系列:虚拟主机配置(IP、端口、域名)三种配置方式

来自:博客园
时间:2024-01-30
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虚拟主机是一种特殊的软硬件技术,它可以将网络上的每一台计算机分成多个虚拟主机,每个虚拟主机可以独立对外提供www服务,这样就可以实现一台主机对外提供多个web服务,每个虚拟主机之间是独立的,互不影响。

nginx可以实现虚拟主机的配置,nginx支持三种类型的虚拟主机配置。

1、基于域名的虚拟主机 (server_name来区分虚拟主机——应用:外部网站)

2、基于ip的虚拟主机, (一台主机绑定多个ip地址)

3、基于端口的虚拟主机 (端口来区分虚拟主机——应用:公司内部网站,外部网站的管理后台)

基于IP

worker_processes  4;
worker_rlimit_nofile 102400;
 
events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}
 
http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
    
    server {
        listen       192.168.17.134:80;
        server_name  localhost;
        location / {
            root   /mcode;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        	}
        }
    
    server {
        listen      192.168.17.135:80;
        server_name  localhost;
        location / {
            root   /mcode1;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        	}
        }
}

基于端口

worker_processes  4;
worker_rlimit_nofile 102400;
 
events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}
 
http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
    
    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  localhost;
        location / {
            root   /mcode;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        	}
        }
    
    server {
        listen       81;
        server_name  localhost;
        location / {
            root   /mcode1;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        	}
        }
}

基于域名

worker_processes  4;
worker_rlimit_nofile 102400;
 
events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}
 
http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
    
    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  www.mcode.com;
        location / {
            root   /mcode;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        	}
        }
    
    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  www.mcode1.com;
        location / {
            root   /mcode1;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        	}
        }
}
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