mysql 触发器语法与应用示例

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时间:2020-05-18
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本文实例讲述了mysql 触发器语法与应用。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下:RGV免费资源网

例子:创建触发器,记录表的增、删、改操作记录RGV免费资源网

//创建user表;
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `user`;
CREATE TABLE `user` (
 `id` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
 `account` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
 `name` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
 `address` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
 PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
 
//创建对user表操作历史表
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `user_history`;
CREATE TABLE `user_history` (
 `id` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
 `user_id` bigint(20) NOT NULL,
 `operatetype` varchar(200) NOT NULL,
 `operatetime` datetime NOT NULL,
 PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

DELIMITER:改变输入的结束符,默认情况下输入结束符是分号;,这里把它改成了两个分号;;,这样做的目的是把多条含分号的语句做个封装,全部输入完之后一起执行,而不是一遇到默认的分号结束符就自动执行;RGV免费资源网

  • new:当触发插入和更新事件时可用,指向的是被操作的记录
  • old: 当触发删除和更新事件时可用,指向的是被操作的记录

INSERT:RGV免费资源网

DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS `tri_insert_user`;
DELIMITER ;;
CREATE TRIGGER `tri_insert_user` AFTER INSERT ON `user` FOR EACH ROW begin
  INSERT INTO user_history(user_id, operatetype, operatetime) VALUES (new.id, 'add a user', now());
end
;;
DELIMITER ;

UPDATE:RGV免费资源网

DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS `tri_update_user`;
DELIMITER ;;
CREATE TRIGGER `tri_update_user` AFTER UPDATE ON `user` FOR EACH ROW begin
  INSERT INTO user_history(user_id,operatetype, operatetime) VALUES (new.id, 'update a user', now());
end
;;
DELIMITER ;

DELETE:RGV免费资源网

DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS `tri_delete_user`;
DELIMITER ;;
CREATE TRIGGER `tri_delete_user` AFTER DELETE ON `user` FOR EACH ROW begin
  INSERT INTO user_history(user_id, operatetype, operatetime) VALUES (old.id, 'delete a user', now());
end
;;
DELIMITER ;

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